በቀላሉ የመሥሪያ ማገናኛዎች

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The Bush administration has joined six American universities with Ethiopia and five other African nations to develop new curricula for primary schools.

U.S. First Lady Laura Bush announced the plan during a visit to Ghana.

The partnership matches American universities in the states of Illinois, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Alabama with educators in Ghana, Senegal, Zambia, Tanzania, South Africa, and Ethiopia.

They will develop individual curricula for children between Kindergarten and eighth grade, ultimately producing 15 million primary schoolbooks.

"These textbooks will be created in Africa, so they will represent the unique experiences of African students," Mrs. Bush said. "The text will be written with African cultures at the center, and the illustrations will depict African scenes."

Mrs. Bush says the subjects will include reading, mathematics, science, and language arts, with additional funding to produce flash cards, charts, and teaching guides to give instructors more options for individual students.

It is part of the Bush administration's Africa Education Initiative, a $600-million plan to provide books, scholarships, school uniforms, and teacher training.

Speaking at the Accra Teacher Training College, Mrs. Bush said the initiative includes funds to train 920,000 teachers in 20 sub-Saharan countries. It is also focused on getting more African girls in school with 550,000 primary and secondary school scholarships for tuition, fees, books, and uniforms.

"The American people support these scholarships because we believe that investing in a childs education will produce benefits many times over in the future," she said. "An educated woman is better able to provide for her family economically, and to be an advocate for her own childrens education."

Mrs. Bush attended Monday's inauguration of Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Africa's first female head of state.

The First Lady said the new Liberian president is an example for young women around the world as she rose to the top of her government through hard work, faith in democracy, and belief in the power of education.

An international human rights group says Ethiopian authorities are intimidating and arresting political opponents, and using excessive force to silence dissent over disputed election results.

A Human Rights Watch official, Peter Takirambudde, said the group's investigations have revealed numerous cases of abuse to opposition supporters, often with the backing of local officials.

The New York-based organization is calling for an independent inquiry into the alleged abuses, which the official said are taking place in rural areas, far from international observers in Addis Ababa.

Following protests over May's parliamentary election results, the group said police in the rural Oromia and Amhara regions of Ethiopia raided the homes of opposition leaders, journalists and aid workers, often beating and detaining them. Thousands remain in detention.

Chris Albin-Lackey of the Human Rights Watch Africa Division said the abuses documented by its reserachers in rural Ethioipia may be widespread.

"The number of people who people who have been arrested throughout the country, which numbers in the thousands, certainly seems to indicate that this is a broad, nationwide phenomenon and not just confined to a few discreet areas," Mr. Albin-Lackey said.

Opposition protests in June and November over the election results sparked clashes with police that left more than 80 people dead.

Government officials have expressed regret the loss of life, but have defended their right to maintain public order.

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